The Role of Traditional Play ‘Jamuran’ to Develop
The Preschooler’s Self-Regulation in Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Fakultas Psikologi, Universitas Sarjanawiyata Tamansiswa
Jalan Kusumanegara No 157, Yogyakarta.
This research is aimed to study the role of traditional play ‘Jamuran’ to develop the preschooler’s self-regulation in Sleman, Yogyakarta. The statement problem was carried out by developing child’s self-regulation through traditional play as Javanese cultural asset. The subject of this research is five preschoolers aged from 4 to 6 years at Bulusan Ngaglik. This research used a qualitative approach, which data was collected by varying methods such as: participant observation, depth interview and FGD. This was done to focus on multi-methods, multi-source and multi-contacts (forethought phase, motivation phase and behavior phase), to satisfy the validity and reliability. Results showed that three of five subjects have not yet developed the ability of self-regulation, compared with two other subjects, therefore, to attain their goals which has been settled and not optimally obtained. This might be due to less developed some of the self-regulation phases, particularly of the forethought phase and the motivation phase. ‘Jamuran’ play can be useful in developing child’s self-regulation by giving them space and time to find what they want. The children are gradually able to release the dependence from their external regulations such as parent, grandparent, relative, friend and other people to make their independent self regulation.
Keywords: self-regulation, play, Jamuran