‘Kemandirian’ (Independent) Personality in Indonesia Society and Culture from Psychoanalytic Perspective
(Object Relation Theory)
Faculty of Psychology
University of Sarjana Wiyata Tamansiswa (UST),
Jalan Kusumanegara 157, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
This paper presents the development of independent personality in Indonesia from the psychoanalytic perspective combines with a cross-cultural perspective. The style of human experiencing their worlds and within themselves will perform their independences, as well as depend tremendously on the given culture and society to which they belong. Object relation theories have been used to elaborate the interrelationship of development. It is noted that child rearing in Indonesia foster capacities for intense dependence and preference on empathy to others, with both the physical and the emotional nature of close relationship. From this study, it was found that Indonesians characteristic of personality and the development of internal representations tends to create less independent people. This characteristic contrasts with the personality characteristic of Western people, which tends to more independence implicitly rather than explicitly.